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Have you been a mom once and no matter how hard you look for a younger sibling for your child, you can’t get pregnant again? Many women were able to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term without problems when they were younger, only to find it difficult to conceive years later when planning a second pregnancy. This is known as secondary infertility. Next, we will tell you what secondary infertility is, why it occurs and how to treat it.
As we mentioned, secondary infertility consists of difficulty conceiving and carrying a pregnancy to term after having previously become pregnant, naturally and without problems. This comes with both problems to achieve pregnancy, as well as different forms of miscarriages.
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Secondary infertility causes a lot of confusion as people often think that having gotten pregnant once, the second time will be just as easy. However, the situation is more complicated.
It is estimated that 3 million women in the United States experience secondary infertility at some point in their lives. The combination of female, male, mixed factors, in addition to age at the time of looking for a new pregnancy should be considered when evaluating the difficulty of becoming pregnant.
The following conditions are associated with secondary infertility:
Fertility specialists should evaluate the couple in order to identify the cause of secondary infertility. Conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis, uterine myomatosis or any other condition that may prevent conception will be treated.
In some cases, other conditions such as type 2 diabetes mellitus are related to secondary infertility, both in men and women. Insulin resistance often causes ovulation disturbances and is often part of polycystic ovary syndrome. Furthermore, body weight is also a factor to consider in secondary infertility.
In general, it is recommended to exercise, have a healthy diet, control glucose levels, and avoid tobacco, alcohol or drugs consumption. All this is part of a healthy lifestyle, which will help you have better control of diabetes.
Now, when conditions such as low sperm count are diagnosed, the treatment options are the same as in primary infertility, such as:
In cases where repeated miscarriages occur, or the risk of pregnancy loss is very high, couples can consider surrogate motherhood, which consists of resorting to fertility specialists so that a woman other than the couple is inseminated and can carry a pregnancy to term.
In general, the diagnosis of secondary infertility is the same as in primary infertility. Tests include hormone and thyroid profile, basic clinical tests (blood chemistry and blood count), ultrasound and hysterosalpingography in women, seminogram or spermiogram in men.
These studies will give the specialist a broad overview in order to detect the cause of secondary infertility. In some cases, you may request another complementary test to confirm your diagnosis and provide the most appropriate treatment for your needs.
If you have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year and you have not succeeded, come to us. Our fertility specialist Tijuana at The Fertility Center we will help you find the cause and the most appropriate treatment to fulfill your dream of having another baby at home. Feel free to check out our treatments, such as the IVF process, IUI, the sperm and egg donation treatments, even the egg donor requirements, and more. Schedule your appointment through our contact form, we will gladly assist you. Receive the benefits of the cost of IVF in Tijuana!
Gynecology, Obstetrics and Biology of Human Reproduction Surgeon at the Autonomous University of Guadalajara, specialist Biologist of Human Reproduction by the Mexican Institute of Infertility.
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